outline of the state of Minnesota with a cannabis leaf

California Marijuana Laws


Recreational use of Marijuana is illegal in Minnesota with medical legalized in 2015. Read on to learn more about Minnesota's current marijuana laws and where you can find a marijuana dispensary in your area.

Cannabis Products Legal to Purchase in Minnesota

What you need to know about Minnesota’s Cannabis Laws

  • Medical marijuana is legal in the state of Minnesota for adults with a qualifying condition who are registered with the Minnesota Department of Health
  • Minnesota is home to 11 medical marijuana dispensaries located across the state
  • Recreational marijuana is illegal in Minnesota
  • Possessing up to 42.5 grams of marijuana in Minnesota is decriminalized and punishable with a $200 fine
  • It is illegal to grow marijuana in the state of Minnesota for residents even if you are a medical marijuana patient

Minnesota Medical Marijuana Laws

In 2014, Minnesota legalized the use of medical marijuana for qualified patients if recommended by a physician. Doctors must determine if a patient has a qualifying condition and is a good candidate for medical marijuana. Despite medical marijuana being legalized in 2014, it wasn’t until 2015 that dispensaries opened to serve patients. Although medical marijuana is legal for certified patients, it is only available in liquid, pill, or vaporized delivery method that does not require the use of marijuana in plant form. Since 2015, additional illnesses have been included as qualifying conditions to use medical marijuana. Some of these qualifying conditions include, Cancer, Glaucoma, HIV/AIDS, Tourettes, ALS, seizures, MS, chronic pain, and age-related macular degeneration. Medical marijuana patients are legally allowed to possess a 90-day supply of the recommended dosage by their physician.

How to get approved for medical marijuana in Minnesota

If diagnosed with a qualifying condition, patients may meet with a health practitioner who is approved to recommend medical marijuana. If the medical practitioner feels a patient is a good candidate for medical marijuana, they will certify your condition and information with the Office of Medical Cannabis. Qualifying patients will then receive an email where they can register online for $200. In Minnesota, medical marijuana patients do not receive a physical card, their information is stored in a database accessible by all Minnesota Cannabis Patient Centers. Before visiting a Cannabis Patient Center, patients must fill out a self-evaluation report to aid the pharmacist in prescribing the proper dosage.

Minnesota Marijuana Laws

Patients must be medically evaluated annually to retain certification for access to medical marijuana.

If you are traveling to Minnesota and possess an out-of-state medical marijuana card, you are not allowed to purchase marijuana from a medical dispensary.

Recreational Marijuana Legislation in Minnesota

Over the past few years, bills have been proposed targeting the legalization of small amounts of marijuana for adults 21 and over. In 2019, Republicans in the state Senate voted down a bill that would have legalized recreational use of cannabis. Additional proposals remain under consideration in the House including a constitutional amendment that would let the voters of Minnesota decide whether or not to legalize recreational marijuana.

Possessing up to 42.5 grams of marijuana is a simple $200 fine but possessing more than this can result in significant penalties. Possession over 42.5 grams is a felony and punishable up to five years in prison and a $10,000 fine. Penalties escalate for possession of large quantities of marijuana over 10 kgs. Selling over 42.5 grams of marijuana carries a similar penalty punishable by five years in prison and a $10,000 fine.

Additional Marijuana Laws to be Aware of in Minnesota

  • Driving under the influence of marijuana is illegal in the state of Minnesota and drivers may be asked to submit to a chemical test if expected of driving while impaired
  • The use of marijuana in public places is prohibited even for medical marijuana patients
  • Only licensed growers certified by the state are allowed to grow medical marijuana to distribute through state-run dispensaries
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