outline of the state of Ohio with a cannabis leaf

Only medical marijuana is legal in Ohio having been legalized in 2016. Read on to learn more about Ohio's current marijuana laws.

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What you need to know about Marijuana Laws in Ohio

  • Medical marijuana is legal in the state of Ohio for adults with a qualifying condition who are registered with Ohio’s Medical Marijuana registry
  • Smoking marijuana is prohibited in Ohio, medical patients may use cannabis as an edible, oil, vapor, or tincture.
  • Ohio is home to many medical marijuana dispensaries located across the state
  • Recreational marijuana is illegal in Ohio
  • Possessing up to 100 grams of marijuana in Ohio is a misdemeanor punishable by a $150 fine without any jail time
  • Growing marijuana in your home is illegal in the state of Ohio, even for medical marijuana patients

Ohio Marijuana Dispensary Maps

Recreational Marijuana Legislation in Ohio

There has been little progress in any recreational legalization efforts over the past few years in Ohio. In 2015, a ballot measure was defeated by voters but the biggest issue wasn’t with legalization, it was the monopoly the law would have created for legal marijuana cultivation in the state. No other significant legalization efforts have been made in recent years.

Ohio Medical Marijuana Laws

In 2016, Ohio legalized the use of medical marijuana for qualified patients if recommended by a physician. Qualifying patients must suffer from a debilitating medical condition diagnosed by their physician. Patients must meet with a doctor at a medical marijuana clinic or via a video conference to get approved and added to the marijuana registry in Ohio. Qualifying conditions include glaucoma, intractable nausea, a terminal illness, epilepsy, cancer, HIV/AIDS, PTSD, among others.

Medical marijuana patients are prohibited from growing their own marijuana for treatment in Ohio. Medical marijuana patients are legally allowed to purchase up 8 ounces of tier 1 flower (less than 23% THC) or 5.1 ounces of tier 2 flower (24%-35% THC) every 90 days. Medical marijuana patients may also purchase up to 26.55 grams of THC patches, lotions or creams; 9.9 grams of THC in oil, tincture or capsules; and 53.1 grams of THC in oil form to vaporize.

How to get approved for medical marijuana in Ohio

After meeting with your physician and being diagnosed with a qualifying condition, residents of Ohio must meet with a doctor at a medical marijuana clinic who will provide a written recommendation for your application. Video conferencing options have been made available for patients recently. On top of the $50 application fee, some medical clinics may charge an additional fee for your exam, somewhere around $100-$200. Applications are submitted by the doctor you meet with at the marijuana clinic or online to the Ohio Board of Pharmacy.

Medical marijuana cards must be renewed annually.

If you are traveling to Ohio and possess an out-of-state medical marijuana card, you are not allowed to purchase marijuana from a medical dispensary. There are no medical marijuana reciprocity laws for out-of-state patients.

Marijuana Fines and Penalties in Ohio

Possession up to 100 grams: A misdemeanor offense punishable by a $150 fine.

Possession between 100-200 grams: A misdemeanor offense punishable by up to 30 days in jail and a $250 fine.

Possession over 200 grams: A felony punishable with 1-8 years in jail along with fines ranging from $2,500-$20,000 escalating based on total weight.

Sale of marijuana The sale of any amount of marijuana in Ohio is a felony, punishable by 1-8 years and $2,500-$20,000 in fines based on total weight. Gifting less than 20 grams of marijuana is only a $150 fine without jail time for first time offenders.

A number of counties and major cities in Ohio have eliminated fines for possession of marijuana under 100 or 200 grams.

An “Ohio tenth” (2.83 grams of marijuana) is what medical patients are prescribed in and considered a day’s worth of medicine.

Additional Marijuana Laws to be Aware of in Ohio

  • Driving under the influence of marijuana is illegal in the state of Ohio and drivers may be asked to submit to a chemical test if expected of driving while impaired
  • The use of marijuana in public places is prohibited even for medical marijuana patients
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